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Event Data Recording Standard for Motor Vehicles Launched

IEEE Standards Association : 07 June, 2010  (New Product)
Automotive black box data protection addressed in the latest standard from IEEE with IEEE 1616a aimed at the standardisation of event data recorders used in motor vehicles
IEEE has announced the completion of IEEE 1616a, a new standard based on IEEE 1616, the first universal standard for motor vehicle event data recorders (MVEDRs), similar to units found on aircraft and trains. An adjunct to IEEE 1616, the new standard helps to provide greater consumer protections by improving the effectiveness of these automotive "black boxes" with new lockout functionality designed to prevent data tampering, such as Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) altering and odometer fraud. It also addresses concerns over privacy rights by establishing standards protecting data from misuse.

"According to the World Health Organization, someone dies in a motor vehicle crash once every minute, and road crash fatalities have claimed 30 million lives globally since 1896," said Tom Kowalick, Chair of the IEEE P1616a Working Group. "As millions of drivers today face ongoing automotive recalls for electrical and onboard computer issues, MVEDRs are playing an increasingly critical role in the analysis of the scientific data collected from these vehicles. IEEE 1616a provides another extraordinary layer of protection by ensuring the integrity of data collected is not compromised, while providing stronger consumer protections and preserving privacy rights."

The newest member in the IEEE 1616 collection, IEEE 1616a aims to preserve the data quality and integrity needed to meet federal collection standards, while protecting consumers' privacy. Built on more than a decade of MVEDR research and development by organizations including federal agencies, industry trade associations, and global automotive, truck, and bus manufacturers, newly added safeguards in IEEE 1616a address the following areas:

• Data tampering - modification, removal, erasure, or otherwise rendering inoperative of any device or element, including MVEDRs;
• VIN theft - duplication and transfer of unique VIN numbers, a process known as "VIN cloning", enabling stolen cars to be passed off as non-stolen;
• Odometer fraud - rolling back of vehicle odometers, resulting in the appearance of lower mileage values; and
• Privacy - prevention of the misuse of collected data for vehicle owners.

As early as 1996, auto manufacturers began installing MVEDRs as part of car and light truck airbag modules. Triggered by certain conditions, such as changes in vehicle speed, MVEDRs collect a variety of data during crash and near-crash events. Data typically collected includes speed at time of impact, steering angle, whether brakes were applied, and seatbelt usage during the crash. However, in 2011, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will require MVEDRs to meet specific data collection standards.

"There has been dramatic growth in the volume of sophisticated electronic components installed in today's generation of motor vehicles, including an estimated 60 million vehicles using MVEDR technologies," noted Kowalick. "IEEE 1616a will help minimize traffic-related fatalities, reduce instances of theft and insurance fraud, and help improve vehicle, emergency response, and roadway design, providing consumers with a greater level of protection."
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